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Sunday, 22 April 2018 22:47

Australian Resilient Flooring Association

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Australian Resilient Flooring Association (ARFA)

ARFA is the peak industry body in Australia representing Resilient Floor and Wallcoverings.

The key purposes of ARFA are:

  • to advance, encourage and protect the interests of the industry in Australia;
  • to establish and maintain contact with Government, regulatory authorities and other influential stakeholders in matters affecting the welfare of the industry;
  • to stimulate public confidence and interest in the industry;
  • to be actively engaged in the development of schemes to enable adequate training of future technical (and other) participants in the industry; and
  • to arrange the collation of statistical data and other information to assist in the development of the market.

Current ARFA initiatives underway include:

  • Commencement of a review to update AS1884: 2012 through Standards Australia by ARFA’s Technical Committee;
  • Support for the Vinyl Industry Recycling Strategy now trialing the recycling of post-consumer vinyl flooring waste in Australia;
  • Founding membership of the Australian Flooring Industry Alliance, comprising of ARFA, the Carpet Institute of Australia, the Australasian Timber Flooring Association, the Tile & Tilers Industry Association Australia and the Resin Floors Association. Through this body, ARFA plans to channel its support for an industry training initiative now underway in both the TAFE and private sectors.
  • Confidential, third party collation and aggregation of industry statistics for provision to members.
  • Association membership of the Vinyl Council of Australia for access to the PVC Stewardship Program, Best Practice PVC accreditation and other industry advocacy and services.

Further initiatives soon to commence include developing an Industry Code of Practice.

ARFA membership is available to any company that manufactures and/or imports and distributes resilient flooring and wallcoverings to the Australian market and that supports the purposes of the Association. Associate membership is welcomed from those companies supplying services or accessories to the industry.

Join the Association by contacting ARFA's Secretariat on 03 9510 1711.

Monday, 19 February 2018 05:50

PVC AUS 2018

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PVC AUS 2018: Shaping the Future

Presentations and papers given at PVC AUS 2018: Shaping the Future, Sydney 13-15 March 2018.


Eddie Kok IHS Chemical  A global outlook on PVC supply/demand – will supply get tighter in the next five years?
Arjen Svenster ECVM VinylPlus – the European voluntary commitment in the context of circular economy
Cristian Barcan Vinyl Institute Vinyl for a purpose-driven sustainable development – a US perspective
Terence Jeyaretnam EY Evolution of voluntary and regulatory Product Stewardship programs in Australia: Challenges, drivers and the future
Allan O’Connor Department of Defence Sustainable procurement in a large infrastructure program – a purchaser’s perspective on PVC
Darryl Stuckey Lendlease EPDs on the high rise: Supplier engagement and whole building LCA
David Baggs Global GreenTag The comparative life cycle evaluation of PVC vs other flooring

Stuart Douglas, Dennis Collins

innovyz / PVC Separation PVC Separation – a new chemical technology to separate PVC laminated materials
Neil Wilson Romar Engineering 3D printing and its aid to manufacturing
Berend Stel Rollepaal Developments in O-PVC extrusion technology
Dr Tracy Wakefield Plustec Avoiding the Venus flytrap of Australian windows
Nigel Jones Australian Vinyls New developments in performance and delivery of PVC for the Australian market
Rob Jagger Business Outcomes Group Identify and evaluate the best opportunities for business growth
Gerhard Hoffman Greiner Extrusion PVC Profiles – an expanding market opportunity
Dario Soncin Plasmec Latest Development in PVC mixing: (1) Mixing tools technologies and cooling efficiency
(2) Reducing the effects of humidity in the PVC dry-blend
Christian Birzer Krauss Maffei Plastic processing machinery – being prepared for the future
Dexter Chan, Alex Krassas Arkema / Rebain International The merits of pure acryllcs to replace CPE
Dane Tallen Baerlocher Calcium based solutions for injection moulding. Can one size really fit all?
Stephen Moore Townsend Solutions Global trends in PVC resin applications and additives usage
Ben Burden Employsure How to avoid employee Fair Work claims – unfair dismissal, bullying and harassment
Burak Dincel Dincel Construction Protecting and innovating our industry
Andrew Swan TechPlas Extrusions CASE STUDY: TechBoard – Analysing market entry and acceptance of an innovative product for a previously
unexplored market
Barbara Nebel thinkStep Without a seat, three legs alone make no stool
Michael Barnacoat ProGeneus CASE STUDY: Resysta – the irresistable product
Helen Millicer, Dr Mark Richardson Vinyl Council of Australia / Monash
University Department of Design
‘Wicked’ sustainable design – tackling end-of-life PVC
Sophi MacMiIlan, Laveen Dhillon Vinyl Council of Australia Vinyl: Shaping the future
Matthew Warren Australian Energy Council The future of energy in Australia
Geordan Murray Housing Industry Association Construction market outlook and emerging trends
Alex Stanley NAB Australian economic and financial outlook
Friday, 03 November 2017 02:40

Sustainability - Recycling - PVC Waste AUdit

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PVC Waste Audit

The Vinyl Council, on behalf of the Signatories of the PVC industry’s Product Stewardship Program, commissioned a national PVC Waste Audit. The Audit was conducted by Nolan ITU in 2005 to understand and gather data on the amount of PVC waste entering the waste stream in Australia annually.

The major proportion of PVC resin is consumed in long life applications which take years to enter the waste stream. Based on historical resin consumption by application going back to the 1940s and average service life times for each application, the Audit estimated how much of each application would be entering the waste stream today and going forward to 2015.

The Audit is the most comprehensive study to date on the quantities of PVC waste currently generated in Australia. Data was obtained from importers and exporters, manufacturers, converters and recyclers.

The findings from data collected for the calendar year 2004 were:

  • Less than one per cent of the 16-20 million tonnes of waste sent to landfill each year in Australia was PVC
  • 3.4 per cent of the total quantity of PVC products still in use were products at the end-of-life
  • 158,300 tonnes of end-of-life PVC product was available for recovery
  • 10,035 tonnes of PVC recyclate was made from the PVC waste collected in existing recycling programs.

The audit suggested priorities for PVC recovery based on the amount of available end-of-life PVC by application, ease of recovery, current infrastructure, and technical issues in the recycling process.

The Product Stewardship Program has subsequently launched an action plan, Vinyl-2-Life and a Industry Strategy to investigate barriers to recycling in the priority applications, set objectives and strategies and assist in the development of infrastructure for material recovery.


Sunday, 23 July 2017 23:30


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Main Menu

Sunday, 23 July 2017 23:26

Terms of Use

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Terms of Use

1. Copyright

Copyright in material contained on this website is owned by the Vinyl Council of Australia ("Vinyl Council") unless otherwise indicated. The Vinyl Council authorises you to copy, download and/or print any material published by the Vinyl Council on this website for non-commercial use only, provided that such material is not edited or modified and retains all copyright and other proprietary notices, including any disclaimer contained thereon.

The Vinyl Council authorises Vinyl Council of Australia members, unless otherwise indicated, to copy, download and/or print any material published by the Vinyl Council placed on this website for commercial use, provided that such material is not edited or modified and retains all copyright and other proprietary notices, including any disclaimer contained thereon.

2. Trademarks

All trademarks, logos, images, product and company names referred to in this website are the property of their respective owners.

3. Disclaimer

The materials on this website are provided "as is" and without warranties of any kind either express or implied to the fullest extent permissible pursuant to the laws of Victoria, Australia. The Vinyl Council disclaims all warranties, express or implied, including, but not limited to, implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose.

The Vinyl Council makes no claim as to the accuracy of the content contained on this website. The Vinyl Council does not accept liability for any information or advice provided on the website or incorporated into it by reference.

The Vinyl Council does not accept any liability for loss or damages incurred by any person as a result of reliance placed upon the content of this website or any other information incorporated by reference.

 The Vinyl Council makes no representation as to the accuracy of any other aspect of the information contained on servers linked to this website via hyperlinks from this website.

 The information on this website is provided on the basis that all persons accessing the website undertake the responsibility for assessing the accuracy of its content and that they rely on it entirely at their own risk.

4. Applicable Law

This website is to be construed in accordance with, and is governed, by the laws of Victoria, Australia. By using this website you submit to the jurisdiction of the courts of Victoria in relation to any dispute relating to the website.

5. Update Notice

This website was last updated December 2018

6. Hyperlink Notice

The Vinyl Council of Australia provides external links for your convenience ("Links"). Whilst the Council has used reasonable endeavours to review the Links, the Council is not responsible for the accuracy, legality or decency of material located at the Links, nor is the Council responsible for the copyright compliance of the Links.


Sunday, 23 July 2017 23:19

Privacy Statement

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Internet Privacy Policy

1.    Introduction

This web site is owned and operated by the Vinyl Council of Australia (“VCA”, "We", "our", "us") and this is our Internet Privacy Policy. Although the Privacy Act 1988 (Commonwealth) does not apply to us, we are committed to respecting the privacy of your information.  

By using this site, you agree to the Internet Privacy Policy of this web site ("the web site"), which is set out on this web site page. This Internet Privacy Policy explains how we collect, store, use and disclose personal information we have about you.

Under the Privacy Act, “personal information” means information which identifies you as an individual or from which your identity can be reasonably ascertained (and regardless of the form of the information, and regardless of whether it is true or not). We recognise the importance of protecting the privacy of information collected about visitors to our web site, in particular personal information. This Internet Privacy Policy governs the manner in which your personal information, obtained through the web site, will be dealt with.
We reserve the right, at our discretion, to modify or remove portions of this Internet Privacy Policy at any time. This Internet Privacy Policy is in addition to any other terms and conditions applicable to the web site.

Our site may contain links to other sites. We are not responsible for the privacy practices or policies of those sites and recommend that you review their privacy policies.
If we decide to change our Privacy Policy, we will post changes on this page.

2.    What personal information might the Vinyl Council hold?

The Vinyl Council may hold personal information such as your name, job title, contact details, your professional history and/or any information you provided to us in feedback forms, emails, or in relation to our subscription services, surveys, or otherwise in relation to any transaction or correspondence you may have had with us.

Personal information about visitors to our site is collected only when knowingly and voluntarily submitted. For example, we may need to collect such information to provide you with further services or to answer or forward any requests or enquiries and we may keep a copy of that correspondence and relevant contact details. It is our intention that this policy will protect your personal information from being dealt with in any way that is inconsistent with applicable privacy laws in Australia.

3.    What does the Vinyl Council do with personal information?

Personal information that visitors submit to our site is used only for the purpose for which it is submitted or for such other secondary purposes that are related to the primary purpose, unless we disclose other uses in this Internet Privacy Policy or at the time of collection.

For example, we use personal information about you:
•    to assist in providing our services to you, or improving our services;
•    to assist us in responding to your query;
•    to communicate industry developments, scientific material and special events;
•    for our internal administrative, marketing, planning, issues management and research requirements;
•    or otherwise, for the purpose the information was provided to us.

Copies of correspondence sent from the web site, that may contain personal information, are stored as archives for record-keeping and back-up purposes only.

4.     Disclosure of personal information

The Vinyl Council will not disclose personal information about you to any person except on a confidential basis to agents that we use in the ordinary administration of our business (such as for data processing, printing or mailing), or otherwise, with your consent or if permitted to do so by law.  

We do not share, sell, rent, or trade personally identifiable information with third parties for their promotional purposes.

Third parties to whom we may disclose personal information include:
•    our member companies (for example to assist in responding to your query);
•    our service providers and professional advisors including IT service providers, auditors, legal advisors, print and mail houses, advertising agencies and marketing research advisers.

We take steps to ensure that our service providers are obliged to protect the privacy and security of personal information and use it only for the purpose for which it is disclosed.

Contacting us through the website and downloading our information is completely optional. This may include submitting your name, email address, address, telephone numbers, option on receiving updates and promotional material and other information. You may request access to your personal information at any time by contacting us at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

At any time you may opt-out of receiving any communications from us (other than as required for the operation of our business, eg regarding payment of your account) by contacting the Privacy Officer at the contact details provided below.

5.     Direct marketing materials

We may send you direct marketing communications and information about our products and services that we consider may be of interest to you. These communications may be sent in various forms, including mail, SMS, fax and email, in accordance with applicable marketing laws, such as the Spam Act 2003 (Cth). At any time you may opt-out of receiving marketing communications from us by contacting us or by using opt-out facilities provided in the marketing communications and we will then ensure that your name is removed from our mailing list.

We do not provide your personal information to other organisations for the purposes of direct marketing (see also our use of cookies).

6.    Openness

You may request access to personal information we hold about you, or request that it be corrected, by writing to “The Privacy Officer” at the address below.

To ensure confidentiality, details of your personal information will be passed on to you only if we are satisfied that the information relates to you. A fee will not be charged for an access request, but you may be charged the reasonable expenses we incur (such as search and copying costs).

There may be instances where we cannot grant you access to the personal information we hold. For example, we may need to refuse access if granting access would interfere with the privacy of others or would result in a breach of confidentiality. If we refuse to provide you with access or correct the personal information held about you by us (in accordance with the Privacy Act), then we will provide reasons for such refusal.

7.    Complaints or concerns

Any questions about this policy, or any complaint regarding treatment of your privacy by the Vinyl Council, should be made in writing to the address below.

Our procedure for investigating and dealing with privacy breaches is to ascertain all relevant facts and correspond with those involved (including where relevant our members), reach a view as to the existence, scope and cause of the issue, and where relevant and appropriate, implement corrective or rectification measures.

Our contact details are as follows:
The Privacy Officer
Vinyl Council of Australia
1.02 Junction Business Centre
22 St Kilda Road, St Kilda
VIC 3182
Phone:    03 9510 1711
Email:    This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.    

8.    Cookies

When you visit our website we collect information using cookies, server logs and Google Analytics. When you visit our sites to read, browse or download information, our system will record/log your IP address (the address which identifies your computer on the internet and which is automatically recognised by our web server), date and time of your visit to our site, the pages viewed and any information downloaded. This information will only be used for the purpose of site analysis and to help us offer you improved online service. We may automatically collect non-personal information about you such as the type of internet browsers you use or the site from which you linked to our websites.

You cannot be identified from this information and it is only used to assist us in providing an effective service on our website.

You can configure your web browser to reject and delete cookies and block JavaScript; however, this will limit your ability to interact with the VCA online.

9.    How we handle email and "feedback" messages

VCA may retain the content of any email or "feedback" message that you send us.  Any personal information contained in your message will only be used or disclosed in ways set out in this Internet Privacy Policy.  Your message content may be monitored by our service providers or VCA’s officers for trouble shooting, compliance auditing and maintenance purposes or where email abuse is suspected.

10.    Web site security

We use a number of mechanisms to protect the security and integrity of personal information that you have provided to us via the this web site. Unfortunately, no data transmission over the Internet can be guaranteed as completely secure, so while we strive to protect such information, we cannot ensure or warrant the security of any information you transmit to us and you do so at your own risk. Once your personal information comes into our possession, we will take reasonable steps to protect that information from misuse and loss and from unauthorised access, modification or disclosure.

11.    Miscellaneous

In this policy “personal information” has the same meaning as under the Privacy Act.  References to “VCA” are to Vinyl Council of Australia (ABN 85 083 012 533), which has issued this policy.

This policy represents our policy as at 4 June 2014. We may change this policy from time to time.  Although we intend to observe this policy at all times, it is not legally binding on the Vinyl Council in any way.  From time to time we may regard it as necessary or desirable to act outside the policy.  The Vinyl Council may do so, subject only to any statutory rights you have under any applicable legislation.


Best Practice PVC Product Register

Best Practice PVC for AS/NZS 2053:2 2001 Conduit & Fittings and uPVC cable trunking systems:


Australian Plastic Profiles Pty. Ltd.
12 Cawarra Rd, Caringbah, NSW, 2229
Tel: 02 9527 8800

Current BEP PVC verification expires
19 March 2020




Iplex Pipelines Pty Ltd
Level 21 Tower B 821 Pacific Highway Chatswood
NSW 2067

Current BEP PVC verification expires
20 February 2020


Pipemakers Australia Pty Ltd
112 Landseer Street Acacia Ridge Queensland 4110
Tel: 07 3344 3377

Current BEP PVC verification expires
20 February 2020


Marley (NZ)
32 Mania Road, Manurewa, AUCKLAND
Tel: +64 9 279 2799

Current BEP PVC verification expires
21 December 2018


Vinidex Pty Ltd

Current BEP PVC verification expires
20 February 2020





Tuesday, 18 July 2017 03:32

Reports & Publications

Written by

 PVC Stewardship Progress Reports

Publications and Reference Papers

PVC and Dioxins

 A burning question: is PVC the major source of dioxin emissions?

It seems that concern still exists that PVC products are a major source of dioxin emissions and that if PVC products were therefore banned, the risk of exposure to dioxins would be virtually eliminated. 

Just last week, we had an inquiry from a consumer who was very interested in installing uPVC windows in her new home but was concerned because she had read on the internet that they could emit dioxins during use. Such misinformation around dioxins is really troubling.

So what is the connection between PVC and dioxins and is such concern warranted?
Dioxins are a group of toxic compounds that are formed unintentionally during combustion processes such as waste incineration, forest fires, backyard bonfires and in many industrial processes. To form, a minute amount of chlorine is required together with a particular range of temperature and oxygen concentration conditions, constituting poor or incomplete combustion.

Because of the need for chlorine to be present, this has led to the association of dioxins to chlorinated compounds, like polyvinyl chloride, PVC. However, it has been well established now that the presence of more chlorine during combustion doesn’t equate to more dioxins being formed; that is, there is not a direct quantitative relationship between chlorine content and dioxin formation.

PVC contains chlorine, derived from the electrolysis of salt, NaCl. It has been claimed by some that since the production of PVC consumes about 30 percent of the industrial chlorine produced globally, PVC must be the largest source of dioxin emissions: chlorine in, dioxins out.  But this argument is ill-founded since dioxins are only formed as a by-product of combustion; PVC or other materials containing chlorine – like salt – do not emit dioxins in their normal state.

Dioxin formation can occur in the chlorine production process where graphite anodes are used. Many industrialised countries replaced the graphite anodes in the 1970s.

Industrial emissions of dioxins peaked in the 1980s. Active abatement policies including regulations on combustion processes and incineration have dramatically reduced emissions from industry by 90 percent in Europe and the US,  yet the production of PVC over the period has increased threefold.  PVC production is clearly not positively correlated to dioxin emissions.

So what are the sources of dioxin emissions?
Essentially, any process involving combustion in the presence of a minute amount of chlorine can lead to the formation of dioxins under certain temperature and oxygen conditions. Thus burning PVC in the open or in a building fire could lead to dioxin emissions, just as burning timber (because trees, as living matter, contain chlorine ions) or a sausage on your barbeque (because it contains salt) could. Diesel engines, production of zinc, aluminium, iron & steel, bricks, cement and ceramics, timber kilns and many other industrial processes, including manufacturing the precursors to PVC, can be sources of dioxin formation.

Dioxins are Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) and for many years there has been an international effort to address POPs globally. Australia is a signatory to the Stockholm Convention on POPs and, as part of its obligations under the Convention, the Federal Government undertook an inventory on dioxin emission sources, the update of which was published in 2004 . This found that uncontrolled combustion processes - including waste burning and accidental fires, but most significantly influenced by emissions from grass and bush fires - contribute approximately 75 percent of all emissions in Australia. Ferrous and non-ferrous metal production (aluminium, zinc, steel etc) accounted for nearly 9 percent of total emissions in Australia, while local PVC manufacturing was negligible (less than 0.001 percent of the total). 

Australia’s Action Plan to reduce dioxin exposures and emissions does not refer to PVC products or production; it does include actions to be implemented for some other (non-PVC related) industrial processes. 

It’s not what you burn, but how you burn it that is important.
Regulations on open burning together with modern incineration and industrial combustion processes are proving successful in minimising emissions of dioxins and have contributed to the significant falls in emissions in developed countries. Life cycle assessments and regulatory monitoring of PVC manufacturing show that dioxin emissions from the PVC industry are extremely low.

So should we still be concerned about dioxins? 
Yes, they are considered highly toxic and carcinogenic, because of their persistence, bioaccumulation and prevalence in the environment; and yes, we should minimise their formation and our exposure to them. 

Would not using PVC make a difference? No.
Read more about the effective managment of dioxins in PVC manufacture and incineration in the following VinylPlus publications:

Dioxins and PVC - A troubled past, a brighter future

PVC waste incineration and HCl.


PVC & Fire

The increasing use of PVC in the construction and furnishing of buildings over the last 60 years has led to a thorough assessment of its fire performance.

In a fire, the distinguishing characteristics of rigid PVC are:

  • a low natural combustibility,
  • the high temperature required to ignite it,
  • slow flame spread, and
  • its failure to continue to burn in the absence of a flame source

Although PVC will provide a source of carbon fuel to a fire once it has started, it will self-extinguish if the external heat or flame source is removed because of the chlorine present in PVC. This is a significant positive for fire safety.

Additives may change the performance of flexible PVC in a fire. Some plasticisers, for instance may increase the material’s impact during a fire. Alternatively, many flexible PVC products are modified with fire retardants, increasing their safety.

Fire Toxicity

Burning PVC releases a heavy smoke. Nevertheless, the toxicity of PVC emissions from accidental building fire is no worse than many other common materials. The most important product in any fire, after heat, is carbon monoxide (CO), which is produced by all organic materials when they burn. Heat and carbon monoxide are by far the major cause of building fire deaths.

Another dangerous gas is hydrogen cyanide (HCN) produced, not from PVC, but from nitrogen-containing materials such as some natural fibres.

The two most common irritant gases produced in fires are acrolein (from both natural and synthetic materials such as wood) and hydrogen chloride (HCl), from chlorine-containing materials, including PVC. Hydrogen chloride has a very pungent odour and is therefore quickly detected. At the levels encountered in building fires, hydrogen chloride remains an irritant and is not lethal. However, it may become corrosive to other materials when in contact with moisture.

The overall toxicity of emissions from PVC in a building fire is comparable to that of some hardwood timbers.

Newly developed PVC formulations e.g. Flame Retardant PVC (FR-PVC) have significant benefits in terms of lower acid emissions, smoke generation and enhanced fire resistance.

To our knowledge, no building fire fatality has ever been attributed to PVC by building fire authorities.